An optical fiber is a long glass or plastic wire that carries a light signal. It is used to transmit data at high speed and provide a very high-speed connection. With a high resistance to magnetic interference, optical fiber emits a signal that is not degraded. What are the different types of optical fiber? What is its importance?
What are the different types of optical fibers?
There are several types of optical fibers, each with its particularity.
Multimode and single-mode optical fiber
According to the providers of optical fiber networks, there is a multitude of optical fibers. For this purpose, the multimode optical fiber is a fiber used for private domestic networks. This kind of fiber is equipped with an electroluminescent transmitter. With a performance of about 1 Gigabit/km, it has a diameter of 50 to 200 microns and is also equipped with medium-quality glass.
The single-mode optical fiber has impeccable qualities that make it the best brand on the market. It has a fine diameter that allows light rays to pass through quickly and a speed of up to 100 gigabits/km, which is higher.
The graded-index fiber and index hopping
The graded-index fiber has an operating model similar to that of multimode fiber. But, it should be noted that this type of fiber is designed for telecommunications with light deflected towards the optical axis of the fiber. As for the index hopping fiber, it is nothing but another version of the multimode fiber. It has a mode of transmission of a light beam that is able to be declined in various forms. Note that individuals, as well as professionals, use it well.
What is the importance of optical fiber?
The installation of a fiber-optic network is full of important benefits. Thus, the user benefits from a good navigation comfort thanks to an ultra-fast connection speed. Therefore, it is possible to download simultaneously and watch videos in HD or 4k without interruption. Thanks to the high-speed bandwidth, this fiber is able to transmit an amount of data per unit of cable with very high sharpness.
In addition to the advantages of fiber optics, its innovative technology ensures computer security. In addition, it should be noted that the cables that have a fiber optic have protection against interference. They can therefore be placed in environments overloaded with electricity. But, despite the very high installation cost, the choice of these cables is a real saving. It is possible to benefit from increased durability as well as a fast installation with little or no signal loss.
How does the installation of the fiber?
Your home or building must already be eligible to have fiber optics in a house or an apartment. There will then be installation work. In the context of the installation of fiber optics in a house, this work begins in the street, at the optical connection point (PBO). This is where the optical cables that serve the neighborhood arrive.
Then, from your house to the place where you want to install the optical terminal, on which your box will be connected. A technician must then intervene to make the final connection between the PBO and your house. You can see in our special report that it is very simple, most of the time, and how the technicians do to make the installation as discreet as possible.
It is even simpler in the case of a fiber optic installation in a building or an apartment. Because, if you are eligible, the optical fiber arrives directly in your building and even on your floor. The technician will only have to pull the fiber from your landing to the optical terminal.
Finally, if your house or apartment has already been fiberized, the installation of the fiber is as simple as can be since there is already an optical terminal on which to connect your fiber box. All you have to do is activate the line.
Fiber optics: Some essential materials
Whether it is about the installation of fiber optic telecommunication networks or their maintenance, the knowledge of the essential materials is important. Indeed, optical fiber cabling is an integral part of the equipment for long-distance links. The latter must meet strict standards to ensure durability and reliability to preserve the system from data piracy and reduce the risk of cybercrime throughout its life.
In addition, optical bonding is an operation for the deployment phase of fiber optic infrastructures. It is used to establish connections between optical fibers. Optical patching connects the cables in order to ensure distribution to active equipment or others. To do this, optical drawers are also installed in the racks whose connection is facilitated by the sliding drawers. Other types of drawers are integrated for technical purposes.
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